Social Learning Theory

The paper examines social learning theory and its application to criminology as it is one of the behavioral theories that are widely applied today in attempting to explain criminal behaviors and how best to minimize crimes.
Literature review
The application of social learning theory to criminology focusing on organized crime since they happen in the context of gang leaders or senior bosses of syndicate groups influencing their members within specific crime environment.
According to Julian B. Rotter a persons personality and character is a clear indication of the persons interaction with the surrounding environment (Akers  Gary, 2003).
Research Design and Methodology
Elements Behavior modeling has been defined as the possibility of an individual to take up a specific behavior just by being in a specific situation (Akers  Christine, 2004). Expectancies on the other hand are modeled from a persons past experiences. The value of reinforcement is more or less the desirability of the expected results or outcomes.
Hypothesis The social learning theory is not a reliable approach to behavior modeling in finding solutions to stopping organized crime.
Variables A persons behavior is dependent on expectancy and the reinforcement (Akers  Gary, 2003, p. 216)
Data Prisoners sourced from police headquarters and the suspects and criminals in police custody and youth of the society.
Method Observation using live models and later create a forum for the subjects involved. After the forum, the above formula will be applied to verify if the potential to remodel their behavior is high or low.
Study Limitations
Limitations The fact that not everyone will be genuine in the practice. People who will be appointed to carry out the research might not be granted access to the police head quarters. Getting professionally trained researchers to carry out this practice.
Value of the Study
Value This study will be a great milestone when it comes to preventing chances of organized groups cropping from the youth in the society.

Most youth are victims of peer pressure and hence they get easily pulled into gangs, just from the pressure from their peers. Knowing how to reverse this cycle will yield great benefits to the global community.


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