Research, Evaluation Policy Analysis

School teachers visits help reign on children delinquency. Crime and criminal justice remains an important segment of society. In recent times, child delinquency has emerged as an issue area affecting society. Due to the belief that the young generation is the backbone of society, it is necessary that steps are taken to ensure the group develops as envisaged.

Literature review
The Nurse Home Visitation Program which was partially sponsored by NIMH presents a twenty year old approach in which case nurses pay visit mothersHowever, this is merely geared towards ensuring the health of the kids. This program helps in helping low income families to reduce injury cases (David and Weikart et al, 2006).

It is held on the basis of a research by NIMH that poor care is a major cause of antisocial behaviour which leads to arrests later in life. On the strength of the research, it was found that by the age of 15 there were fewer problems associated with drug use and alcohol. It was also found that there were fewer instances of escapes from home, fewer arrests, fewer convictions, and less sexual escapades. This research shows that visitation was a useful tool in helping kids mature to peaceful citizens (Lawrence and David, 1999).

The Hawaii Healthy Start Program was designed to offer prevention against child delinquency. This programme helps prevent neglect and guarantee better development. The program which is currently applied state-wide is a source of inspiration. Through the use of home visitation, the programme officers offer guidance to parents and kids on a number of issues.  This helps impart problem solving skills into parents. Consequently, kids are nurtured in the right way. After a period of two years, it became apparent that the programme was a huge success (Westinghouse Learning Corporation, 2001).
A study carried out in Tennessee, Washington, North Carolina, and Washington has confirmed that nurtured kids through the use of the visitation programme develop into law abiding citizens. Through the use of the Families and Schools Together Track Program, aggressive children of the age of six in kindergarten are observed. In this programme, the children, the families and the school systems work as a unit. The programme identified Pre School kids predisposed to high risks in 55 schools.  The children were then arbitrarily identified for no intervention or intervention.

The kids who enrolled are currently adolescents. Findings showed less aggressiveness among the participants. This meant that those who were in the programme did not need special education.
The Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers Program presents a ten week programme which aims at making interventions. This programme seeks to check the behaviour of children at a risk of developing conduct problems. This is as a result of residing in high juvenile delinquency areas. The programme incorporates the input of parents and teachers. On the basis of the programme findings, it was found that the children in this programme showed lesser aggression as compared to outsiders (Irving and Darlington, 2001).

The researches which are reviewed in this paper are closely related to the question at hand. They all point to the use of visitation as an antidote to children delinquency. The researches thus go a long way to aid the facts this paper seeks to present. The studies have found that visits by teachers help tone down the aggression in children. Those children missing visits pay the price as they are embroiled in negative deeds later in life.

The studies have used small samples owing to the complexity of the study. The population studied is the young generation. The units of study remain mainly the children though teachers and parents could easily be counted as other units in the study.

Child delinquency is conceptualized as an act of law breaking by children. Teachers are viewed as the best role models in a position to positively influence the development of the young kids. It is also assumed in the studies that the development of pupils is a function of a number of factors
Research gap

The researches conducted so far present a strong case in reference to findings. The studies have made a meaningful contribution to the field of crime and criminal justice. However, the studies do not reveal how these visits by teachers to young childrens homes affect their development adversely. There is a possibility these visits may hinder the development of young children in a number of ways. For example, the presence of teachers may kill young childrens enthusiasm. Simply put, nobody wants to have much of one thing repeatedly. The researches did not discuss how the findings affected the policies in the regions of study. But it is clear that the findings hugely influenced how lower studies are conducted.

There are a number of perspectives to every issue at hand. However, the choice of perspective to take rests with the researcher. In simple terms, the researcher should be allowed the freedom to make a choice depending on the goal of the study. On this basis, the approach taken by the various researches serve as a pointer to a work well done.

On the basis of the findings of the paper, visits by teachers to young children helps in reducing aggressive behaviour in the long run. All the study findings prove that visits are helpful. They should thus be encouraged as a solution to help reduce child delinquency in society. As indicated in the literature review, there is a research gap which should be filed. The gap centres on the adverse effects of the visit programmes on the young children.

It is implicated on the basis of this study that visits have a positive transformation in lives of young people. Further research should be conducted to determine the adverse effects of such programmes. The proposed research should be premised on the question, do preschool and weekly home visits by teachers to children under 5 substantially reduce arrests at least through age 15 and up to age.


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