Advances in Criminal Justice Technology

Onset and progression of 21st century has demanded employment of more advanced technologies in facilitating justice articulation in the society.  Criminal justice requires advanced technology to counter crime and criminals with greater efficiency at all levels. This publication provides an overview of technological improvements in resources deployment and further explores their advancements in criminal justice. Finally, it analyzes the information dispatch systems and recommends for further technological inventions for criminal justice to be more effective.  

Advances in Criminal Justice Technology

    Advances in criminal justice technology forms the most important factor for aiding the law enforcers as well as victim services providers in enhancing safety and giving critical lifesaving assistance to crime victims.  Scholars generally concur that availability of high technology equipments reduces the overall time employed in processing an offenders time, creating faster availability of various criminals details and providing real time notification about criminals (Edmund, 2007). This essay evaluates technological improvement in criminal justice with special reference to information and dispatch systems.  This publication further analyzes how this resource allocation benefits from the improvements.   

Overview of technology improvements in resources deployment
    According to Carol and Lydia (2006), technological advancements act as the key factor in facilitating effective resources deployment in the criminal justice units.  Since the onset of the 20th century, technology improvements have seen key revolutions that seek to effectively match the extended criminal outset.  Use of two way radio system and finger prints technology has been strongly employed to create effective counter crime efforts in the society.  However, Robin and Jenny (2008) explain that the 1960 Presidential Crime Commission indicated that the methods employed during this time were ineffective to counter the highly dynamic criminal technology used in the market.  Therefore, it was recommended that federal government fund the police agencies and automate their systems through computerization (William and Emily, 2007).  

Technological improvement has therefore remained a critical consideration in resources deployment in criminal justice.  Stefan (2007) indicates that these improvements fostered by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) have culminated to widespread use of computers and Information Technology in the police unit.  Notably, information technology facilitates centralization of the operations.  Other technologies such as concealed weapon detection technology and DNA testing have culminated to hefty resources channeling towards criminal justice agencies a consideration that Mears (2007) links to the reducing levels of crime in the nations. 

Advancing technology
Information Technology advances in criminal justice has remained critical in creating the needed change towards outdoing those in the market either through inherent development of mimicking those being used police.  In this case, Neyroud (2008) explains that it is possible to counter crime at different levels more easily.  However, this advancement has been criticized for its slow pace that often gives a large room for crime to take place undetected until it has occurred.

The DNA technology
DNA technology is a modernistic method employed in the criminal justice for precise detection of an individual through matching biological genetic information.  Though this technology is recently developed, its use has increasingly been assimilated in facilitating justice where physical evidence is not enough for judgment to be made. Following the critical role played by DNA in the determination of the high profile O.J Simpson case, it is increasingly being referred as the most important tool to bring justice in the society (Edmund, 2007). 

The Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) 
In their view, William and Emily (2007) indicate that criminals identification has remained very crucial in criminal justice.  AFIS therefore presents the criminal justice officers with an effective system of fast detecting a criminal by counterchecking the matches with those electronically stored in the department of justice database.  To further promote holistic capacity in tracing the criminal records, NIJ employs special exchange and responses that use matching algorithms.  

Concealed Weapons Detection technologies
Concealed weapons detection technology has come to be very critical in identifying individuals carrying weapons hidden in under their clothes. As a result, passive millimeter wave technology allows the criminal justice officers to search for weapons though natural emissions without the physical search (Neyroud, 2008).  Then, electromagnetic fluxgate magnetometers technology further facilitates identification of weapons through radiation reflected back to special detectors and them compares them with legal weapons database in the department of justice (Carol and Lydia, 2006 Robin and Jenny,2008).      
Information Dispatch Systems
Resource Allocation Benefits from these Systems. 
Mears (2007) explains that improvement in technology has been very critical in facilitating effective resources distribution in the criminal justice system.  To begin with, the new technology creates harmony in the United States criminal justice agencies as it is employed equally in the nation.  Besides, the advanced systems further facilitates availability of more conclusive information in determining which areas have more crime and therefore require more resources. In his view, Stefan (2007) indicates that the advancements are further crucial in establishing the trends of crime which anchor decisions on the areas that may require greater emphasis.

    This paper concludes by supporting the thesis statement, advances in criminal justice technology forms the most important factor for aiding the law enforcers as well as victim services provides in enhancing safety and giving critical lifesaving assistance to crime victims.  It came out from the analysis that technological advancements have greatly improved with time.  Advanced technology further came out to be highly advantageous in addressing the equally changing criminal technology.  Besides, it also strongly supports resources allocation in the criminal justice departments.  However, due to the fast changing technology, there is need for further research and studies to establish even more advanced technologies for greater efficiencies in criminal justice.


Post a Comment